Model diet for an adult diabetic

Main aims of the diet

1. To stop glycosuria and consequent dehydration.
2. To provide pleasant, adequate and satisfying diet.
3. To bring the body weight to as near normal as to ideal weight.


Requirements

Normal adult requires about 1500-2000 calories per day. About 40% of the energy come from carbohydrates and proteins and 20% from fats. This type of calorie divided diet is ideal for proper maintenance of the growth in diabetic and this type of control will help him in having a prolonged healthy life.


About 1800 calories per day


Morning

6:00 A.M.-Coffee in 60 ml of milk without sugar =40 calories

8:00 A.M.-Dosai 2 with chutney =120 calories
or idlis 2 with chutney=120 calories
or Uppuma ¾ cup with chutney=120 calories
and Coffee in 60 ml of milk without sugar=40 calories

10:00 A.M.-Butter milk 1 cup and 3 cucumber slices=60 calories



Afternoon

12:00 Noon- Rice cooked 2 cups=400 calories
Sambar 1 cup=80 calories
Porial 1 cup=80 calories
Rasam 1 cup=60 calories
Curd 1/2 cup=80 calories


Evening

3:00 P.M.- 3 Glaxo or Monaco biscuits=100 calories
Coffee in 60 ml of milk without sugar=40 calories


6:00 P.M.-Tomato or Lime juice 1 cup=20 calories



Dinner

8:00 P.M.-Rice cooked 2 cups=400 calories
Or Chappati 3 oil 2 tsp=400 calories
Sambar 1 cup=80 calories
Rasam 1 cup=60 calories
Curd 1/2 cup=80 calories


Bed time

10:00 P.M.-Milk 120 ml=80 calories

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Jaundice - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Jaundice is caused by an increase in the level of bilirubin in blood. Jaundice is also known as icterus. The most common symptom of yellowing of skin is due to the accumulation of bile pigment in blood. Jaundice is derived from the French word “jaune” which means yellow. 

Jaundice increases the level of bilirubin in blood and in extracellular fluids. The normal level of bilirubin in plasma is 0.5 mg/dL. When a person suffers from jaundice the level increases to 1.5 mg/dL. This is three times the increase of the normal presence of bilirubin in blood.


Causes of Jaundice

Bilirubin is secreted from gall bladder which is essential for digesting food properly. Excess bilirubin is the main cause of jaundice. This can happen when red blood cells do not complete their average life span in the liver. They are often broken down to bilirubin which in turn causes jaundice.
Side effects of certain drugs can also cause jaundice. Consuming alcohol regularly can also cause this disease. Increase in level of bilirubin can also be cause by the malfunctioning of liver.
If there is any blockage in liver ducts then bilirubin is forced to retain in blood which results in increase of bilirubin in blood. Malfunctioning of gallstone and thyroid glands also cause jaundice.


Jaundice Symptoms

The major symptom that can be easily seen is the yellowing of the eyes and skin. There may also be itching of skin which is affected by this disease. The yellowing of skin starts from face and slowly moves to all parts of the body. Thus the initial symptom is clearly seen in the eyes.
Care should be taken to diagnose this disease in new born babies. If the baby is not eating properly and sleeping most of the time then it is better to get her checked with a doctor. Yellow color urination and pale complexion are also the symptoms of this disease.


Treatment for Jaundice

Jaundice can be detected by taking a blood test. Pale color of skin is also one of the symptoms of this disease. It is better to take a blood test to confirm before taking treatment for jaundice.
The best cure is to take proper rest and good food. In acute cases where the level of bilirubin increases to higher level blood transfusion can be done to cure this disease. Phototherapy or light therapy can be used to cure jaundice in case of children. Antiviral medication and antibiotics can also be administered to patients affected by jaundice.


Simple tips for treatment of Jaundice

Intake of green vegetables and fruits largely can help the Jaundice patient to recover from this disease. 3 litres of water has to be taken daily with frequent intervals. If this is followed regularly then bilirubin level in blood will be changed to normal level.
Avoid alcohol, coffee, junk foods as this will do more harm than good to cure this disease. Also avoid white flour and white sugar as far as possible. Animal fats, meat and dairy products like milk and cheese should also be avoided which will help to cure this disease quickly.

More than anything else a good sleep and a brisk walk in the morning will go a long way to cure jaundice.

Dry Skin - Causes, Diet, Symptoms, Treatment - Home Remedies for Dry Skin and Tips for preventing Dry Skin Problems

Dryskin is a condition in which the person has a low level of sebum and so prone to sensitivity. The skin has a dull look because it cannot retain the moisture. The skin feels "tight" and uncomfortable after washing till some type of moisturizer or skin cream is applied. The most affected parts are the surrounding areas of mouth, under eyes, and cheeks. One may notice fine lines appear around mouth, and dry patches under eyes are visible. Dry skins become worse when exposed to sun, hard water, and wind. The skin losses its softness, dries up, and for each and every wash the skin get unusually rough and hard.


Causes for Dry Skin

Dry Skin Causes

1. Enough lubrication to the skin is not provided by the oil glands. As a result, the skin becomes dehydrated.
2. Skin gets exposed to the elements especially in winter.
3. Dry skin can be due to a genetic condition.
4. Poor diet. Nutritional deficiencies, especially deficiencies of vitamin A and the B vitamins, can also be the reason for dry skin.
5. Environmental factors such as exposure to sun, wind, cold, chemicals, or cosmetics, or excessive bathing with harsh soaps.
6. Conditions such as dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, or seborrhea.
7. Dry skin is common in elderly people and dryness of the skin is because of cold air in the winter season.
8. Harmful detergents, soaps, ointments, drugs, powder, perfumes aggravates dry skin.

Diet to Improve the Dry Skin Condition

1. Eat nutritional foods rich in minerals and proteins and vitamins. dry skin.
2. Eat vitamin rich foods such as eggs, fish, and cream nuts, rice, carrots, mushrooms, legumes, peas, soybeans, spinach, oranges, tomatoes, sprouts, almond, cauliflower and various other green vegetables and fruits.

Dry Skin Symptoms

1. The Skin appears lusterless, loose shine and brightness.
2. Redness and rashes of the skin also indicates dry and rough skin.
3. Skin appears tight and dry.
4. Under eyes looks dry and wrinkles appears at early age.

Home Remedies for Dry Skin - Dry Skin Treatment

Papaya paste

Apply a rich paste made of papaya and banana on your face, and let it dry for 15 minutes then using warm water wash your face.

Egg yolk paste

Mix egg yolk (one teaspoon), milk powder (1-2 teaspoon), and honey (one teaspoon). Apply this on face, neck and other dry skin area and let it dry for 10-15 minutes then wash your face using cold water.

Cucumber

Use Cucumber face pack for the treatment of dry skin. Apply a paste made of cucumber on face and other dry skin area. This moisturizes skin naturally and makes the skin appear bright and soft.

Honey

Mix half tablespoon of honey and mix it with 1-2 tablespoon of rose water. Apply on face, neck, and other dry skin area. This is natural and safe. This mixture cleans the skin, helps to tone and makes it glowing.

Almond

Massage the face using almond oil, which makes the skin soft and removes dry skin.

Lemon

Take one teaspoon lime juice and one teaspoon rose water, mix it well and apply on face and let it dry for 10-20 minutes this cleans the skin and remove dry skin.

Apple

Take 2-3 apples and grate them and apply on the skin, keep it there for 20 minutes and then wash the face using cold water.

Tips for preventing dry skin

1. Drink plenty of water this keeps the skin clear and removes dry skin naturally.
2. Avoid washing the face frequently.
3. Apply natural moisturizer every night before sleep.
4. Avoid using chemical soaps as it takes away the natural beauty oil from your face.
5. Massage face at least twice a week using rose water and glycerin.
6. Always use mild face wash for cleaning skin as it removes dry skins and keeps the skin fresh.
7. Avoid exposing skin from harsh sun rays, air pollution as it let the skin to loss their moisture and beauty oils.

Above all just Maintain a good balance between fun and work. Managing stress level you can minimize dry skin and other problems. Avoid applying makeup on dry skins as it makes the skin rough and dry and makes the skin look lifeless.

 
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