Erythroblastosis Foetalis

Erythroblastosis Foetalis also called as hemolytic disease of the new born is a condition that develops in a fetus, when the IgG molecules (one of the five main types of the antibodies) that have been produced by the mother and have passed through the placenta include ones which attack the red blood cells (RBC) in the fetal circulation.

Galactosemia

Galactosemia is an inherited disorder in which there is inability to convert galactose to glucose in normal manner.

Role of Calcium in Human body

Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the human body. It is a soft grey alkaline earth metal, and is the fifth most abundant element by mass in the Earth's crust. Calcium is also the fifth most abundant dissolved ion in seawater by both molarity and mass, after sodium, chloride, magnesium and sulfate.

Effects of Alcohol in the human body

Alcohol consumption is increasing day by day throughout the world. The main constituent present in alcoholic drink is nothing but ethyl alcohol. In Latin there is a term called “Invinoveritus” which means “in wine there is truth” i.e. only after drinking we can see the original character of a person. It is easily absorbed and no digestion is needed. About 60% of alcohol taken on empty stomach is absorbed in half an hour and 90% in 1 hour. Alcohol mixes with the blood and is detected within 2 to 3 minutes of swallowing few sips of whisky or beer.

Diabetes Insipidus

This is a rare chronic disease in which the patient passes large quantities of pale dilute urine which is free from sugar and albumin. In some cases there are no discoverable causes and the condition may apparently be a hereditary disorder which usually affects men through several generations.

Things to remember for a Diabetic Patient

The following are the important points that a diabetic patient has to keep in mind in order to face any situation.

1. Tendency for diabetes is more in individuals who come from ‘diabetic stock’.

2. Treatment of diabetes is life-long and a good understanding between the diabetic and doctor is essential.

3. Whenever the individual has to consult a new doctor he must mention about his diabetes and the drugs he is taking so as to enable the doctor to understand his disease and to give proper medicine.

What is Diabetic Coma?

Coma is a medical emergency or a state of unconsciousness calling for immediate evaluation to determine its cause. It is only when sugar in blood is being used properly that fat can also be oxidized or burnt to provide heat and energy; when fat cannot be utilized a condition called acidosis develops and when this is present to a serious extent it affects the nervous system and causes diabetic coma.

 
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